Wheels and Tyres

Have you ever taken note of how much your car has to work when you drive to and from work? In the morning when it is cold and you start your car, the engine has to warm up and adjust to the cold temperature. You use the clutch, the gears, the acceleration pedal and the brakes simply to pull out of the driveway. Once on the road, you utilise all of these car parts and during the drive you encounter stops, low and high speeds, left and right turns, and sometimes, obstacles. Unless you’re driving in the perfect environment, you would most likely find debris on the roads from prior accidents, perhaps vandals scattered some objects on the roads, a truck may have lost some of its load, or there are potholes. You would have to take evasive manoeveurs to avoid these obstacles whilst also avoiding other road users or possible pedestrians. This can take a strain on the steering wheel, gears, brakes, wheels and tyres. If you hit any of these obstacles it could damage your tyres and the rims of the wheels quite badly. A sharp object could cut the tyre or a pothole could rupture the tyre completely.

Because you drive your car every day, it is important that you don’t miss any services to ensure that your car is able to function at 100{9fc9d0b8434e6b910cd136c18dd52d3406612c12414d02ed77d1ee21eba1a774} on the road. If you do encounter any wheel and tyre damage, be safe and opt for the car to be towed if you don’t have a spare wheel. Alternatively, if you are able to, change the wheel so that you can drive to a tyre repair workshop as soon as possible. Then have the wheel and tyre replaced. Once the wheel is replaced, check the alignment and balancing so that you are certain the car will drive perfectly straight and not veer left or right.

Brake Shoe Bonding

Was it squealing? That could be as simple as the pads wearing down. No big deal, right? Was the pedal sticking? That’s a little bit of a bigger issue because that is a sign of a faulty master cylinder. It is safe to say that if they lock up with just a slight bit of pressure, you need to get to mechanic as soon as possible.

Since brakes are one of the most important parts on a car, you need to be cautious if you notice anything strange. If you can’t stop or slow down, how are you going to drive? A typical car has two forms of braking; the primary one, which is your pedal, is used when the car is running and on the road. While the secondary one is usually referred to as the emergency or parking brake and is used to keep the car stationary, or in case of an emergency. It is important to perform routine check-ups and service your vehicle regularly to avoid having to use your emergency brake.

Assuming your car has drums as opposed to discs, you may need to add shoes to your brake repair to-do list. The shoe is typically used because it has the quickest response time when stopping. It sits inside the drum in front of your hydraulic slave cylinder and is an essential factor into getting your car to stop. It is made with heat resistant metals like zinc and has rubber shavings to reduce excess noise. Whereas, if you had disc brakes, the callipers and pads are what’s controlling the stopping motion of your car.

With brakes being the number one most replaced item on a car, it is definitely a good idea to have some understanding about them and their critical role in your everyday commute.

Shock Absorbers

These are basically little oil pumps that have a piston inside. The piston will push the oil or hydraulics through tiny holes and valves. The valves and holes are inside the piston that assists with control of the resistance and movement. Because only a small amount of oil is let through the tiny holes or orifices, the piston will get slowed down which will also decelerate spring and suspension movements.

There are also different types of shock absorbers that were manufactured for the different cars. The different types include Conventional Telescopic, Strut Type and Spring Seat shock absorbers.

Conventional Telescopic – these are the standard devices that are so cheap that a mechanic would rather replace than repair. They can be used for front and rear suspension.

Strut Type – these were made specifically for heavier loads. Part of the system is equipped with a strut to withstand the heavier loads on bigger vehicles. Certain parts of this model can be repaired whilst others need to be completely replaced.

Spring Seat – these versions are the two previous shock absorbers almost combined into one. The Spring Seat is the suspension unit and damping unit all in one. They can’t cope with heavy loads like the Strut Type. Sealed off parts would need to be completely replaced instead of repaired.

Car Wrap

Installers begin by giving the car a quick, detailed clean, before they begin the process of removing bumpers, badges, rubber seals and other components of the car.

After which they then start to slowly apply the vinyl, ensuring that all edges are wrapped around, and that there are no loose fitting pieces of material. This process is done through the use of a heat gun, plastic scraper, and a steady set of hands.

Once all pieces have been wrapped, the parts of the car that were removed are then replaced and reinstalled to ensure a quality finish.

Many people often choose to go down the car wrapping route for many different reasons, such as:

1) A quick and easy face lift:

Breathe new life into the appearance of their car by simply changing the colour. Many companies come with a standard range of colours and even some rare, unique materials that can be wrapped on cars.

2) Maintaining a cars residual value:

As appealing as vinyl sounds to car customisation fanatics, it’s also a practical way of ensuring your car’s paint job stays as new as the day it rolled off the production line, and had its VIN number engraved. Vinyl, or more specifically Paint Protection Film, can ensure that your car can be resold and that you get a higher price, as the vinyl often takes the brunt of stone chips, scratches and weather.

3) Business Use

Car wrapping isn’t just reserved for those looking to make their car a standout vehicle. It’s also a massively popular method of advertising for business owners, who often have their work vehicles wrapped in special vinyl and graphics with their business names and logos, all to help them in the promotion of their business, plus they also use it as a tax write off for their business’

4) Individual Styling

Car wrapping is by far the easiest way to change your car, whether it’s a simple colour change, to a unique material switch up to help it stand out from the crowd. It is a more popular method for vehicle owners who are part of car clubs and owners of unique vehicles who are looking to have their vehicle stand out.

Car Floor Mats Materials

Cutpile

– Cut Pile is composed of 100{9fc9d0b8434e6b910cd136c18dd52d3406612c12414d02ed77d1ee21eba1a774} Nylon yarn.

– Tufted to a 1/8 gauge cut pile, it contains 14 ounces of yarn per square yard.

– Cut Pile has been an original material in most domestic vehicles since around 1974.

– Cut Pile material can have Mass backing. Mass backing is an approximately 45mil thick EVA material. It’s a great sound and heat barrier and increases the overall appearance of the carpet after installation.

– Cut Pile material width is 78 inches.

Loop

– Loop material is composed of 100{9fc9d0b8434e6b910cd136c18dd52d3406612c12414d02ed77d1ee21eba1a774} 6,6 Nylon yarn called Raylon

– Tufted to a 1/8 gauge, Loop contains 20 ounces of yarn per square yard.

– Loop material was originally used in vehicles that were manufactured before 1974.

– Loop material can have Mass backing. Loop material width is 78 inches.

Nylon

– Nylon is composed of 100{9fc9d0b8434e6b910cd136c18dd52d3406612c12414d02ed77d1ee21eba1a774} Nylon yarn.

– Tufted to a 1/8 gauge, Nylon contains 12 ounces of yarn per square yard.

– Nylon material was originally used in the late 1960 model Fords.

– Nylon material is available with our optional Mass backing.

– Nylon material width is 78 inches.

Truvette

– Truvette is composed of 100{9fc9d0b8434e6b910cd136c18dd52d3406612c12414d02ed77d1ee21eba1a774} Nylon yarn.

– Tufted to a 5/64 gauge, Truvette contains 14 ounces of yarn per square yard.

– Truvette material was introduced in the early 1990s for Corvettes.

– Truvette material can have Mass backing. Mass backing is an approximately 45mil thick EVA material.

– Truvette material width is 78 inches.

Daytona

– Daytona weave carpet is composed of Cotton, Nylon, and Rayon yarn.

– Daytona contains 27.5 ounces of yarn per square yard and is a loop style carpet.

– Daytona weave carpet was introduced around 1954 for GM vehicles.

– Foam backing only, Daytona cannot be molded or Mass backed. It is hand cut and sewn with the utmost quality control.

– Daytona material width is 54 inches

Tuxedo

– Tuxedo is composed of Nylon and Olefin filament yarns.

– Tufted to a 1/8 gauge, Tuxedo contains 23 ounces of yarn per square yard.

– Tuxedo material can have Mass backing.

– Tuxedo material width is 52 inches.

Gros Point

– Gros Point material is composed of 100{9fc9d0b8434e6b910cd136c18dd52d3406612c12414d02ed77d1ee21eba1a774} Nylon yarn.

– Gros Point contains 31.5 ounces of yarn per square yard and is a fine loop style carpet.

– Gros Point was developed for the early model classic muscle and full size passenger cars build in the 1950s and 1960s.

– Foam backing only, Gros Point cannot be molded or Mass backed. It is hand cut and sewn with the utmost quality control.

– Gros Point material width is 54 inches

Safely Drive Through a Tire Blowout

A tire blowout is a special kind of flat tire. The side wall has ruptured, leaving a huge tear in your tire that cannot be repaired. While many believe that a blown-out tire is caused in part by over inflation, the true culprit is actually the opposite: tires that are underinflated. It’s not the rubber and steel that makes a tire able to carry the weight of a car and its passengers. It is the air. Without enough air, the components inside the tires flex and heat until it all snaps and a blowout occurs. If the car is carrying a heavy load, then the likelihood of a blowout is compounded. This is why it’s important to regularly check tire pressure. The proper pressure for a car’s tires is listed in the driver’s side door jamb.

Another common way to get a flat tire is by driving on very worn, very old tires. After a while the rubber starts to thin, and a blowout becomes more likely. To see if your tires are too worn, use the penny test. Stick the edge of a penny into your tire’s tread so that Abe Lincoln’s head is hidden by the tread. If you can see the top of Lincoln’s head, then your tires are too worn to drive on. However, if you cannot afford to replace the tire, then try rubbing it with vegetable oil. The oil will moisturize the rubber, allowing it to be more flexible and decrease the chances of a blowout.

When your tire blows out, what you absolutely must not do is apply the brake. Because one of your tires is now effectively useless, the brake will be applied unevenly, causing your vehicle to veer. If you’re driving a van or SUV, then it’s quite possible to flip your car by braking during a blowout.

Instead, you need to press on the accelerator after a blowout. This may seem counterintuitive, but when a tire blows out, your car’s speed may suddenly drop due to the drag caused by the flat tire. You must step on the gas for only a moment, so that any cars behind you won’t be surprised by your sudden drop in speed and ram into you.

After you have quickly pressed on the gas, you’ll notice that your car will want to veer in the direction of the blowout. Keep your car steady, let it lose speed gradually, and only when you are going slower than 30 miles per hour should you steer the vehicle to the side of the road.

Once you have successfully steered your car to the side of the road, you can start thinking about what steps you need to take next. You should always have a spare tire on hand. Now is the time to change out the flat and continue to the nearest service station. However, you need to make sure there is enough room around your car to freely work in.

Don’t try changing the tire if doing so will put you on the road, and in a dangerous situation from oncoming traffic. If you don’t have enough room to change the tire, or if you don’t have a spare, you need to call a tow truck. Depending on where you are, you may decide to have the truck drop off your car at home or at the nearest mechanic.

Windshield Glass Repair

Check the crack

While you can wait for a day or two to find a good shop, don’t just sit idle. Instead, take a closer look at the crack to see how bad it is. If the crack is really small, you are not at risk and you can drive for a day or two carefully. But if the crack is rather big, you may want to head to the nearest shop to get it fixed as soon as possible.

Temporary solutions

You can opt for a temporary solution, but it may not work for more than a day or two. For instance, you can give a go to on auto glass repair kit. In case of a minimal damage, such as a small chip, you can count on a kit for a few days.

However, in the end, you will still need to take your car to a professional for repair. Now, if your car auto glass has a big crack, we suggest that you avoiding using an at-home kit. Things can go wrong. Further damage to the glass may result in the collapse of the roof of the car.

Precautions

If you want to prevent cracks down the road, we suggest that you examine your auto glass on a regular basis. This way you can identify the problems before they get worse, which will help you avoid the risk and save money.

Aside from this, using regular sponges in order to clean the windshield is not recommended. Instead, what you need to do is buy a microfiber cloth to avoid scratches. Frequent cleaning of the windshield wipers is also a good habit. However, using low quality products is not good, as it will cost you a lot down the road. Also, the windshield should be of high quality.

Paint Protection Film

Now, there are preventative measures, such as ensuring it’s well maintained, cleaning it, and driving carefully. But, what about factors you can’t control. For instance, a small piece of gravel that’s been kicked up by a semi-trailer, and ricochets off your bonnet, or roof, or mirror, or any part. This is where paint protection film steps in. Its purpose is similar to that of bulletproof glass (please do not shoot at a car with paint protection film). It’s job is to absorb the impact by acting as a barrier. Its composition is made up of a polyurethane film, not too far off the stuff used on armoured glass. The use of paint protection film is to ensure that little to no harm comes to your vehicle. I mean, it’s not going to protect you if you another car slams into you at 60km/h. That job is reserved for your seatbelt and airbags. It will, however, stop those unruly scratches, stone chips, and even minor abrasions. It even protects your paint work from pollutants and contaminants, such as bird droppings, tree sap, dirt, dust and other unfavourable things that could damage your paint. Paint protection film can save you a tonne of money in the long run. While more affordable alternatives, namely ceramic coating, are available, they do not provide the protection against scratches and rock chips. Paint protection film does.

Paint protection film is also a fantastic way to preserve your vehicles colour, especially if it’s a custom colour! It’s a preferred product for classic cars, you know, the ones that were “made like they used to”. These cars are often high end classics, with discontinued paint finishes, so it’s no wonder they would want paint protection.

Lead-Acid Car Batteries

Lead acid car batteries are energy storing devices made up of lead and lead dioxide plates. These plates are submerged into an electrolyte solution. The percentage of water is 65{9fc9d0b8434e6b910cd136c18dd52d3406612c12414d02ed77d1ee21eba1a774} and sulphuric acid contributes 35{9fc9d0b8434e6b910cd136c18dd52d3406612c12414d02ed77d1ee21eba1a774} to this solution. When the battery is used to start the car, it gets discharged. The sulphuric acid in the electrolyte solution gets depleted leaving a higher proportion of water. The sulfate is returned to the acid during the charging process. The battery provides high current required by the starter motor to crank the engine of the car. Once the engine is started, the battery is again recharged by the engine driven charging system. In this process, the alternator takes necessary energy from the rotation of engine through a belt to charge up the battery. When the engine is running, the alternator generates electricity for the electrical equipment of the car.

When the car is exposed to direct sunlight in summers for longer periods of time, it accelerates the process of corrosion and evaporates the electrolyte. This reduces the life of a battery making it weaker. So, avoid getting your car heated by sunlight by parking in a suitable shade.

A battery must be fitted properly to avoid any sort of vibrations. These vibrations over the time shake the plates around which in turn make the internal connections lose. As a result, the battery would not get properly charged.

Once you start the car, make sure to drive it for enough time for the battery to get recharged again. The alternator takes time to recharge the battery after it has released its energy while starting the engine. Otherwise, the battery will stay undercharged which is not sufficient to provide high current to the starting motor.

Keeping the headlights or music system on while the engine is shut down drains the battery over the time. Avoid plugging in a charger for a longer period of times to prevent the battery from discharging.

Corrosion on battery terminals is as harmful to the battery as anything else. Always clean the battery terminals carefully once or twice in a month. Make sure to wear gloves and eye protection. The white powder on terminals is toxic and should not be allowed to come in contact with the skin.

There are a couple of signs that may indicate your battery is getting weak and needs a replacement.

  • The bright headlights of the car become slightly dim when the engine is turned off.
  • The starter motor turns slowly when you start the car due to the low current provided by the battery.

There are a few visual signs that indicate the battery needs a replacement.

  • An internal short circuit or overcharging leads to a swollen battery. If you see signs of bulging anywhere around the battery, replace it.
  • Examine the battery case carefully for any damage to the battery case.

It is not recommended to use a weak battery. However, in an emergency case, jumper cables can be used when you are stuck during your trip along the roadside. Always keep a set of jumper cables in your car if you think the battery is not in a supreme condition. Jumper cables let you jump start your vehicle with the help of another car. Although it is a very simple technique but safety measures must be taken to avoid any danger. Following steps will guide you to jump-start the vehicle:

  • Make sure both batteries have the same voltage rating i.e. 12 V
  • Turn off the ignition switch after parking it close enough to the other car in neutral position.
  • Never jump a frozen battery. It can easily explode.
  • Wear rubber gloves and safety glasses.
  • Carefully identify and connect the positive terminals of both batteries to each other.
  • Make sure the other end does not touch car’s body to avoid any dangerous spark.
  • Clamp the negative cable to the negative terminal of the good battery.
  • Connect the other end of the negative cable to a metal part of the car with a weak battery.
  • Finally the start the car with the good battery.
  • Give it 5-7 minutes to charge the weak battery.
  • Now start the ignition of the car with a weak battery.
  • Carefully remove the cables in reverse order. Remove the negative cables first followed by removing the positive cable from the car with the good battery. In the end, remove the positive cable from the car with a weak battery.

Nitrous Vs Turbo

Though every engine can be turbocharged, that doesn’t mean some naturally aspirated car owners would want to add them to the power plant currently residing under the hood. A combination of power and traction is required to control an engine’s potential and transfer it to the wheels.

One place where you see the turbo versus non-turbo debate is at the local drag strip or race track. Many of the racers have different experiences when it comes to boosting the parts installed.

Drivers who have small displacement motors may choose to include a turbo to get the response they need on a race track when they push their RPM to the limit. These foreign made “rice burners” could never compete against some of the big displacement muscle car motors that you’ll find on the race tracks. Not without adding a powerful turbo to their engine package. This may be the perfect solution for them, but it is not something a big displacement engine owner considers when they want to increase the power and performance, as well as transfer of that power to the streets through the wheels.

The first fallacy of turbos is that you get extra power at any throttle opening. This is false. A turbo compression wheel does not create maximum boost until the throttle is in a WOT (wide open throttle) position for a number of seconds. You may never WOT a throttle around town streets as a turbo would let the daily driver down when it comes to throttle response.